An Introduction of Beret
There’s a long history of chic women sporting the beret，which is a soft, round and flat-crowned hat. It currently has become a fashion item for women. Choose a suitable beret will make them more beautiful and more charming. However, the hat was worn by men at the very start. Berets originated from the shepherds in Béarn at the foot of the Pirineos in southwest France in the 15th century. They were not only worn on the head as a weather shelter that protected against wind and rain but also used as a towel to wipe away sweat or a seat cushion at that time, which was perfect for the shepherds’ life. The berets were made from brown wool that came from the goats in Pirineos. Therefore, the hats were monotonous in color or texture. Nowadays, berets are made from woven, hand-knitted wool, crocheted cotton, wool felt, or acrylic fiber. Later, the Basque people living at northern Spain and southern France also started wearing berets and they called them “Basque berets”.
The most famous man in history who likes wearing berets is Che Guevara, an Argentine Marxist revolutionary, physician, author and guerrilla leader. Many of his photographs that can be found now are in a Basque beret. Besides, the hats were also worn by Roman Catholic. They were different from the round berets. The hats Roman Catholic wore were “hard hats”.
Mass production began in 19th-century France and Spain. Berets have been worn as part of the uniform of many military and police units around the world, as well as by other organizations.
During the First World War that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918, some officers of British military had already begun wearing berets, which made the British army the first to wear berets. But berets became popular in militaries of different countries during the Second World War that lasted from 1939 to 1945. Different forces in different countries use berets with different colors as part of the uniforms to distinguish arms. As berets become more and more popular, various colors emerge in endlessly. After a long period, countries gradually unify and stipulate the colors of berets for arms.
The black beret has been worn by all United States Army troops since June 14, 2001. American troops fighting an imaginary enemy also wear the black beret with the Red Star of the former Soviet Union and the badge of British MK1. The troops are the most excellent opposing forces in the U.S. and even in the world. This special “combat” unit has a strong combat capability and it can perfectly imitate combat operations of the former Soviet Union’s troops.
The blue beret is worn by peacekeepers of United Nations Peacekeeping Force. Therefore, the peacekeepers are often called “Blue Berets or Blue Helmets”. What they do is to monitor and observe peace processes in post-conflict areas and assist ex-combatants in implementing the peace agreements they may have signed.
Combat controllers and special tactics officers of U.S. Air Force wear the red beret.